established 1997. His start is connected with name of Prof. Dr.
Nikola Todorovski engaged by owner of AMF to make a project for
establishing of new sheep farm. The basic idea was to organize
sheep farm with preposition to outgrow in one repro-centre at the
beginning as National and later as International.
In a manner
it was a provocation to Prof. Dr. Todorovski to capitalize his 30
years of scientific work and he set to him self task to obtain
high milking sheep race suitable for Macedonian clime conditions.
Final decision was to start with Awassi sheep.
honestly, owner of the farm has not been animated by that idea,
but certainty and persistency of the Prof. Todorovski overpower
that Israelean Awassi sheep have irregular genetic potency to
become one of the highest milking sheep in the Balkan’s area
conviction, not on weak base, posed on economical calculations,
that if Macedonia makes import of the awassi race and start
breeding her, is something that can make Macedonia able to produce
even more milk than South France, is an interesting and scientist
provocation. Macedonia with the awassi race has only positive
experiences. She was the first country in Europe to import the
race among the organization of Prof. Todorovski. The import was
directly from Israel in 1969, time in witch Macedonia as a country
in SFRJ was not in a diplomatic relationships with Israel, but the
export from Israel was escorted thanks to good relationships
between Ph.D. Todorovski and colleagues from Israel. Later there
were more exports of this kind.
And that is
how it starts. Modest as every normal beginning, but in our case
with a vision, plan and also with excellent flock book (date
AMF works as
only licensed repro centre for awassi race (licence number:
08-2688/; Ministry of agriculture, Skopje) and for needs of
Macedonia produces high valuable genetic material (male lambs),
lambs witch are State participating by the Ministry of
agriculture, institution witch pay half of the price (125€) and
the other part is paid by farmer who buys it.
Awassi race is already and practically authenticated as the Race
of the future and is inserted in National Long Term Strategic
for development of the sheep breeding from year 2000 to 2013 as a
race for melioration crossing with our low milking race (awassi
rams x domestic sheep ”pramenka”). That is one of the most popular
and the cheapest and fastest way to obtain high milking sheep race
because on in F1 generation is obtaining high milking mongrels
with genetic milk potency up to 250-330%.
AMF now is
breeding and making selection of full blood awassi sheep, sell
pedigreed Lambs and is going to overgrow in nucleus folk as base
for further development of Macedonian sheep breeding.
The flock is
successfully adapted to pasture as basic way of feeding,
successfully bear long rainless hot summer and cold continental
winter. The milking productivity is higher for 3-6 times compared
with domestic sheep race.
Today, AMF is
contemporary cattle-breeding sheep farm known to professionally
and scientific public in every one country in Europe.
Gradiste, village near Kumanovo on the way toward Sveti Nikole on
the 800 m sea level area with very cold winter –sometimes reach –
28°C and very hot summer with temperature over 40°C.
making all necessary measuring and data processing what for is
developed a special software enabled to follow about 300 details
for every head and also same number of previews for one head,
including genetic net with possibility to follow four generation
in backwards by both side (mothers and fathers) - witch means that
for a head are known about 28 parents.
standard details as are daily individual milking, lacteal milking,
lacteal curve, duration of the lactation, the number of the lambs,
milk composition (fatness, proteins, and fatless solid residues),
flock and stall average, software enable to follow and select the
udders for machine’s milking.
We work with
a software combination of 13
factographic and 15 numerical values.
combined by his function enables to do systematical selection and
to organize managing with farm, to use available pastures in
turns. In the program we use CD snapshot-part of cadastre
(land–registry) divided in 2 pasturing zone - every one with 7
making in accordance with the newest known methods - that mean a
lot of details (300 about for one head). The details could be used
as base in different methods for valuing of the heads (group
index, LSM, AM, BLUP, BLUM).
pro-genetic tasting of the rams is in the ended phase and soon we
are starting first in region.
repro-centre is under full 10th years controlling and monitoring
of Institute for animal- breeding, Skopje, applying ICAR-s A4
method for controlling of the milk.
Now day AMF
folk have about 200 full race sheep. In a very near future will
reach on to 500 fertility sheep and will be in a position to reply
on to a lot of demands from region for the lambs.
adaptability to hard clime conditions
for breeding in intensive and also in semi nomad conditions
interest for awassi race is every day higher and higher.
low price of 250 € per man lamb, only, do AMF’s lambs interested
also for sheep breeding farms in neighbor countries.
only, the lambs of same quality in European Countries and US cost
from EUR 600,0 to 2500,0 per head on parity Ex work.
published results by Institute of animal-breeding, Skopje for 2007
realized on AMF are:
milking average 384,6 lit per head
- the highest
milking 724,o milk per head
- the highest
daily milking 4,20 lit per head
important is to know that above mentioned results are obtained in
conditions of fully pasturing way of breeding adding only
necessary quantity of additives. The folk pasture 280-300 days
during the year.
In case the
folk to be breeding intensively (in closed stall system) the
milking will be much higher.
The flock is
still of very heterogeneous composition. There are about 45% with
milking of 400 lit., but there are also with 500,600 and 700 lit.
of milk per head.
That is fact,
milking potency is big and that is provocation for scientist to
make continuously selection.
be layout that so high result is neither incidental nor product of
Prof Todorovski’s knowledge and hard
contribution is permanent and long term cooperation with: firstly,
Institute of animal-breeding, Skopje; Bio Institute in Sofia
represented by Prof. Dr. Georgi Dimov as counselor for selection
and genetic; and also a lot of scientist from University in Skopje
and other neighbor countries.
AMF-Gradishte-Kumanovo to be built up in International Centre for
scientist investigation over awassi race intending to find out and
create conditions in which genetic features of awassi sheep could
be fully expressed is hold up to now day by 26 scientists from
Macedonia, Serbia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Romania and Ciprus.
All of them
have sent applications to take a place in one of the bellow
stipulated working group:
Selection and Genetic
of the new technological and contemporary management with sheep
- Milking and
making of cheese
that during the session will be announced a lot of scientists news
related to Selection, Genetic, Bioinformatics, Physiological,
Reproduction and Breeding with ideas in which direction and how
the farm should continue his development.
convinced that result will not stay away and AMF soon will become
International Centre for Reproduction of high milk awassi sheep.
and big business do not exists, only finished and unfinished one.
Awassi Mediterranean Farm – Repro Centre
Village Gradiste: home of AMF
AMF: main entry
Awassi sheep Ana: AMF flock
Awassi sheep Lujza: AMF flock
Awassi lambs: AMF flock, 2004
Awassi sheep: shape of udder for machine milking – Gan. Awassi,
Awassi sheep: udder – Gan. Awassi, february 2007
Awassi crossbreds F3 in milking parlour
Awassi sheep: echo survey of pregnancy – AMF, january 2005
MEDITERRANEAN FARM - REPRO CENTRE
Milutinovica br.6, Kumanovo 1300
Tel.: 389 31
423 200, 389 31 464 666,
Fax: 389 31
Mobil: 389 71